In Physical Education, students acquire the knowledge and skills for movement that provide the foundation for enjoyment, continued social development through physical activity, and access to a physically-active lifestyle. The student exhibits a physically-active lifestyle and understands the relationship between physical activity and health throughout the lifespan.


          §  Foundation of Personal Fitness

    §  Aerobic Activities

    §  Individual Sports

    §  Team Sports

    §  Adventure Outdoors Education


    Knowledge and Skills.

    (1) Movement. While participating in physical activity, the student applies physiological and biomechanical principles to improve health-related fitness. The student is expected to:

    (A) apply physiological principles related to exercise and training such as warm-up/cool down, overload, frequency, intensity, specificity, or progression; and

    (B) Apply biomechanical principles related to exercise and training such as force, leverage, and type of contraction.

    (2) Social development. During physical activity, the student develops positive self-management and social skills needed to work independently and with others. The student is expected to:

    (A) Apply rules, procedures, and etiquette; and

    (B) Recognize and resolve conflicts during physical activity.

    (3) Physical activity and health. The student applies safety practices associated with physical activity. The student is expected to:

    (A) Demonstrate safety procedures such as spotting during gymnastics and using non-skid footwear;

    (B) Describe examples and exercises that may be harmful or unsafe;

    (C) Explain the relationship between fluid balance, physical activity, and environmental conditions such as loss of water and salt during exercise; and

    (D) Identify the effects of substance abuse on physical performance.

    (4) Physical activity and health. The student applies fitness principles during a personal fitness program. The student is expected to:

    (A) Explain the relationship between physical fitness and health;

    (B) Participate in a variety of activities that develop health-related physical fitness activities including aerobic exercise to develop cardiovascular efficiency;

    (C) Demonstrate the skill-related components of physical fitness such as agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed;

    (D) Compare and contrast health-related and skill-related fitness;

    (E) Describe methods of evaluating health-related fitness such as Cooper's 1.5 mile run test;

    (F) List and describe the components of exercise prescription such as overload principle, type, progression, or specificity;

    (G) Design and implement a personal fitness program; and

    (H) Evaluate consumer issues related to physical fitness such as marketing claims promoting fitness products and services.

    (5) Physical activity and health. The student comprehends practices that impact daily performance, physical activity, and health. The student is expected to:

    (A) Investigate positive and negative attitudes towards exercise and physical activities;

    (B) Describe physical fitness activities that can be used for stress reduction;

    (C) Explain how over training may contribute to negative health problems such as bulimia and anorexia;

    (D) Analyze the relationship between sound nutritional practices and physical activity;

    (E) Explain myths associated with physical activity and nutritional practices;

    (F) Analyze methods of weight control such as diet, exercise, or combination of both; and

    (G) Identify changeable risk factors such as inactivity, smoking, nutrition, and stress that affect physical activity and health.