•                                                     Civil Rights in Texas (From liberty to Equality)


    “if you say no to racism and encourage your children to make friendship across racial lines, you can make a difference in one generation”  James Farmer April 18th, 1996

     If the society today allows wrongs to go unchallenged, the impression is created that those wrongs have the approval of the majority.  Barbara Jordan

    “It is a historic step toward eliminating the shameful practice of racial discrimination in the selection of juries.”  Thurgood Marshall 

    Overview:  African Americans in Texas during the 20th century encountered segregations, discriminations, and inequalities. The struggle to gain equality was accomplished due to strong leadership in Texas. This unit will examine these leaders, the reform movements, and the results of their efforts in Texas. This includes desegregations cases, white primaries cases, and Jim Crow laws.  The unique manner it was accomplished was with less violence and with more cooperation from the status quo as compared to the rest of the country during this time period. How and why was it differing from other parts of the country?  Who were the local and national leaders in Texas and what were their methods for achieving equality for African Americans.? 


    • Know and understand the civil rights leaders in Texas and their methods
    • Examine their role and the results while determining the obstacles they encountered during the struggle for equality
    • Draw a conclusion of the impact of the civil rights movement in Texas
    • Compare and contrast the civil rights movement in Texas to other parts of the United States
    • Analyze primary and secondary sources effectively
    • Write a short answer response to a question in paragraph format


    SS.7.7D Describe and compare the civil rights and equal rights movements of various groups in Texas in the 20th century and Identify key leaders in these movements, including James L. Farmer Jr., Hector P. Garcia, Oveta Culp Hobby, Lyndon B. Johnson, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Jane McCallum, and Lulu Belle Madison White.

    SS.7.21B Analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, Identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions.

    SS.7.21D Identify points of view from the historical context surrounding an event and the frame of reference that influenced the participants.

    SS.7.21E Support a point of view on a social studies issue or event.

    SS.7.21F Identify bias in written, oral, and visual material.

    SS.7.21G Evaluate the validity of a source based on language, corroboration with other sources, and information about the author.

    SS.7.17C Express and defend a point of view on an issue of historical or contemporary interest in Texas. 

    S.7.19B Describe how people from various racial, ethnic, and religious groups attempt to maintain their cultural heritage while adapting to the larger Texas culture.

    SS.7.23A Use a problem-solving process to identify a problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution.

    SS.7.22A Use social studies terminology correctly.














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