Why Mentoring Matters
A Look at the Literature
"This essay looks at how different sectors of U.S. higher education are funded,
the students they serve, and the outcomes they deliver for those students. It raises
serious policy questions about whether the distribution of public funds across
this highly segmented industry both reflects and contributes to growing inequality in this country. It also asks whether recent trends in educational innovation
and the impact of technology innovation in higher education will exacerbate
or ameliorate that inequality. While the evidence is disturbing, the essay concludes
optimistically. The past, it suggests, need not be prologue in higher education.
The path forward for our industry, while highly constrained, can as yet
be shaped through thoughtful, conscious, and analytically driven choices at individual,
institutional, and state and federal policy levels."
"The volume of minority students entering colleges and universities will increase significantly over the next thirty-five years. Many of these students are statistically under-prepared both academically and socially for the higher education environment. To meet the needs of current and future minority students, particularly those from African American and Hispanic cultures, advisors will need to understand the unique challenges for this population and tailor strategic interventions to help these students to be successful in their academic careers and beyond.This paper reviews current statistics, literature, and research to establish the need for specialized advising for minorities as well as offers strategic initiatives for advisors in specific areas of concentration that include: social support, family support, mentoring, student involvement, and multicultural competency."
"Historically, employees in natural resource professions have been predominantly Caucasian males. However, projected trends in population growth predict that by the year 2050, minorities will comprise almost half the United States (U.S.) population. Federal and state agencies have expressed an interest in diversifying their workforce to match the overall U.S. population. Unfortunately, many such programs have generally not been successful. One successful program is the Minority Training Program at the Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. The program began in 1988, and 26 undergraduate and 10 graduate degrees have been granted. All students who have completed the program have been placed in natural resource professions with federal, state, tribal, or private organizations. A key factor in the success of this program is the strong mentoring component. The average annual cost/student is approximately $3,500. We believe the concepts used in this program are applicable throughout the country."
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