Facts and Figures About HISD

  • 2009-10 Demographics

    The Houston Independent School District, with more than 202,000 students and encompassing 301 square miles within greater Houston, is the seventh-largest public-school system in the nation and the largest in Texas. At the end of the 2009-2010 school year, the district is eliminating the geographically based regional structure. The new structure involves the alignment of leadership, expertise, resources, and support to meet the specific needs of students in elementary, middle, and high schools. Chief school officers for elementary, middle, and high schools will lead teams that include school improvement officers who will work directly with principals by school type to provide fully aligned support for the students at each level.

    Campuses and Enrollment
    Academic Level# of SchoolsEnrollment% of All Students
    Students by Ethnicity
    Ethnicity# of Students% of All Students
    American Indian/Alaskan Native5310.3
    African American53,68026.5
    Native Hawaiian/Other Islander3730.2
    Two or More1,2410.6
    Students by Grade Level
    Grade Level# of Students% of All Students
    Kindergarten & Earlier33,54516.54
    Elementary 1-581,65240.27
    Middle School 6-838,59819.04
    High School 9-1248,97824.15
    Students by Program
    Program# of Students% of All Students
    At Risk128,16063.20
    Title I192,85595.11
    Special Education16,5038.14
    Economically Disadvantaged*160,69279.25
    *Meets federal criteria for free and reduced-price lunches.

    HISD operates under the auspices of the Texas Education Agency, using a core curriculum based on state guidelines for prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Instructional offerings include Magnet and Vanguard programs, charter schools, and alternative programs that use innovative instruction to help students who are at risk of dropping out of school. Also offered are programs in early-childhood education, Special Education, multilingual education, career and technology/ vocational education, and dual credit/advanced academics.

    Academic Achievement

    The Texas Education Agency Accountability System is a method for evaluating school districts and campuses with regard to their performance on certain "base indicators." Districts and schools may be rated as Exemplary, Recognized, Academically Acceptable, or Academically Unacceptable. Classification is based upon student performance indicators using passing rates from the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) annual dropout rates and four-year completion rates. These indicators are used to provide performance measures for all students and for African American, Hispanic, white, and Economically Disadvantaged student groups.

    TEA Accountability System Campus Rating (2009)
    Academic LevelExemplaryRecognizedAcceptableUnacceptable
    Middle School513226
    High School812116
    Percent Passing TAKS*, Grades 3-11 (2009)
    Social Studies9193
    All Tests*6974
    *The percent of students passing all the tests they took.
    Percent of Grades 1-11 Scoring at or Above the 50th NPR on the Stanford 10, 2009 and 2010*
    *Results are for non-Special Education students
    SAT/ACT Results by Ethnicity (Class of 2008)
    Ethnicity% At or Above Criterion*% TestedSAT MeanACT Mean
    African American9.377.585317.6
    *The criterion is 1110 on the SATI and 24 on the ACT.
    School Completion (Class of 2008)
    Student StatusDistrictAAAHW
    % Graduated68.
    % Received GED0.
    % Continued HS12.411.65.315.34.7
    % Dropped Out (4 year)18.720.
    Abbreviation Key: AA = African American, A = Asian, H = Hispanic,
    W = White
    Adequate Yearly Progress (2009)
    Met AYP23580
    Missed AYP279
    Not Rated3311
    TAKS/TAKS-I/SDAA II/TAKS-Alt Participation, Grades 3-11 (Spring 2009)
     % Tested% Not TestedTotal
    African American98.41.634,624
    Economically Disadvantaged96.93.190,547

    Aspire Model Drives Student Progress

    With the ASPIRE (Accelerating Student Progress. Increasing Results & Expectations) model as HISD's guide, students' academic performance is improving by both state and national standards. HISD is using high-quality data sources, particularly value-added analysis, to guide instructional decision-making and ensure an effective teacher for every classroom. Committed to recognizing excellence, HISD distributed $40.5 million in ASPIRE awards in 2010 to campus-based staff members whose work led to increased student academic achievement and progress levels during the 2008-2009 school year.

    ASPiRE Awards: Percent Eligible Earning Award
     # Eligible# (%) Paid
    2006-200716,58313,157 (78%)
    2007-200818,11415,844 (87%)
    2008-200917,80615,704 (88%)
    ASPiRE Awards: Amount Paid


    HISD is among the largest employers in Houston, with approximately 29,255 full- and part-time employees. Most HISD personnel are assigned to schools and deliver services directly to students on a day-to-day basis.

    Employment as of January 2010
    PositionNumber Employed
    Assistant Principals381
    Nurses and Psychologists264
    Teaching Assistants/Clerks/Aides3,799
    Police Officers/Security Personnel228

    HISD also employs approximately 125 administrators in its central and district offices and nearly 10,850 full- and part-time employees who serve as substitute teachers or furnish specialized support services, such as technology, transportation, food services, and crafts and trades.

    Teachers' Salaries (10 months)
    DegreeSalary Range
    Bachelor's Degree$44,987-$66,182
    Master's Degree$46,017-$69,550

    Bond Program

    Thanks to bonds approved by voters in 2007, the Facilities Capital Program is providing students with safe, attractive, inspiring learning environments throughout the district. Construction projects are under way for 25 new schools, 134 renovation projects are scheduled, 250 campuses will receive safety and security upgrades, and new science equipment has been purchased for middle and high schools. Athletics projects include the replacement of the running tracks at Dyer Stadium; Davis, Washington, and Westbury High Schools; and 13 other schools.

    Budgeting and Financial Planning

    General Fund Budgeted Sources of Revenue in 2009-2010
    Total General Fund Revenue$1,574,402,251100.0
    General Fund Budgeted Expenditures in 2009-2010
    Contracted Services$183,344,27211.3
    Supplies and Materials$49,388,8723.0
    Other Operating Expenses$68,729,0224.2
    Debt Service$59,7720.0
    Capital Outlay$29,814,5931.8
    Other Uses$82,110,4025.1
    Total General Fund Expenditures*$1,626,457,168100.0
    *Excludes Medicaid and Food Services
    General Fund Summary
    Tax Rate Per $100 of Value$1.1567
    Total Revenue$1,574,402,251
    Total Revenue Per Pupil$7,764
    Total Expenditures$1,626,457,168
    Total Expenditures Per Pupil$8,021
    Total Operating Expenditures Per Pupil$7,200

    Per-pupil figures are based on an enrollment of 202,758 from the 2009-2010 PEIMS Fall Collection, Resubmission.

    • Total taxable property value: $109,420,459,401 (anticipated 2009-2010)
    • Homestead tax exemption: $15,000 + 20% of assessed value; additional exemption of $15,000 for homeowners age 65 or older

    Thanks to exceptional fiscal management, HISD has long maintained the lowest property tax rate among school districts in Harris County and currently has the second-lowest property tax rate among the 13 largest school districts in Texas.

    For detailed information about the district's finances, visit the Budgeting and Financial Planning Web site.

    Demographic Data:
    TEA Public Education Information Management System
    Academic Achievement Data: TEA 2008-2009 AEIS Report and HISD Office of Research and Accountability
    Personnel Data: HISD Office of Human Resources
    Finance Data: HISD Department of Budgeting and Financial Planning, 2008-2009 Adopted Budget.